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Efficient public transportation, access to drinking water and a reliable power supply are among the key elements for sustainable urban development. How can intelligent infrastructure and smart city planning help India meet the needs of a growing, urbanising population?
In 2022, India is tipped to surpass China as the world’s most populous country. Specifically, however, it is the high rate of urbanisation – with an extra 300 million urban citizens by 2040 – that will really test the infrastructure and services of India’s cities.
Every year, millions of Indians leave their traditional rural homes to become new urban citizens. The World Economic Forum predicts that, by 2030, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad will join New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Chennai as megacities – with more than 10 million inhabitants each.
Urbanization is a positive force, because cities create wealth, provide skills and employment, and promote innovation. But uncontrolled growth is unsustainable. If they’re not managed well, megacities drive climate change and the breakdown of traditional family structures, which can lead to social isolation.
The growth of its cities is a tremendous opportunity for India. But ultimately, sensible planning, financing and intelligent technological solutions are required to make the country’s infrastructure capable of accommodating an unprecedented influx of people.
What are the key areas in which our urban infrastructure can benefit most from advanced digital technologies?
Number of people living in cities in 20301
Global energy demand 2030: 194,000 TWh, + 25% compared to 20122
Number of vehicles in 2050: 2.5 bn + 100% compared to 20153
Expected costs resulting from traffic jams in Europe and USA in 20304
Advanced building automation and control systems can save up to 40% of energy5
Of global NOx emissions are stem from shipping6
Rate of Data Center energy consumption increase to 2026 7
2. WEO Report 2014
4. INRIX [www.inrix.com/xdtraffic.asp] Pressemeldung: www.presseportal.de/pm/70926/2855715
6. Smith, T.W.P. et al. (2014b) Third IMO GHG Study 2014. London: International Maritime Organisation
7. DCD Global Market Overview and Forecast, 2015
Congestion and air pollution are two of the biggest challenges that arise when cities grow rapidly. Efficient, environmentally friendly public transportation can make a big contribution to sustainable development.
Mobility in urban areas, particularly in relation to air quality and congestion, has a profound effect on our quality of life. As India's cities grow, they must find innovative ways boosting the efficiency of their transportation systems to raise their capacity while reducing CO2 emissions at the same time.
With intelligent operation control and traffic management systems for traffic lights, roads, railways, metro trains, commuter and regional trains, and for toll, parking, tunnel, and signal and electrification systems, Siemens India creates optimised mobility solutions for customers and passengers.
Efficient transport infrastructure is essential for quality of life and the sustainable development of our cities. As a supplier of innovative mobility solutions, Siemens efficiently and safely integrates urban transportation carriers.
Thanks to an intelligent traffic management system from Siemens, commuters in Delhi traveling from Ambedkar Nagar and Delhi Gate to the city center enjoy a smoother ride along the 14.5-kilometer road. To ease travel time, Siemens installed an intelligent transportation management system that continuously monitors the traffic situation and directs more than 600 traffic signals to function according to the flow of traffic. By keeping the traffic moving, the system helps reduce fuel consumption and air pollution.
Mumbai’s suburban trains carry more than 7.1 million passengers daily. With up to 16 people per square meter, these trains have the highest passenger density in the world. Mobility technology from Siemens improves commuters’ comfort. The trains now reach a top speed of 100 kph, instead of the previous 80 kph, saving commuters up to 20 minutes a day each way. In addition, Siemens’ economical propulsion system reduces annual energy costs by 5 million rupees (roughly €80,000) per train.
In Kolkata, Siemens developed a railway electrification system for the city’s new metro line. The project included project management, design, installation and commissioning work, as well as personnel training and maintenance. With a total length of 14.67 kilometers, the east-west line serves about 480,000 passengers daily.
Additionally, passengers to New Delhi International Airport are enjoying smooth and rapid transportation thanks to a 22.7-kilometer, high-speed metro train from the New Delhi Railway Station. For this project, Siemens delivered turnkey mobility solutions for railway electrification, one-stop signaling systems, train control systems and baggage handling systems. Once at the airport, travelers can check in at one of the city’s two terminal stations, while their luggage is taken directly from the metro train and merged with the airport’s baggage-handling system.
The state-of-the-art integrated terminal of New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) is one of the largest in the world. With a capacity to handle 34 million passengers a year, the terminal has a completely automated baggage-handling system that can process 12,500 bags an hour – it can even be expanded up to 40 million passengers a year.
Siemens was involved from design to installation; implementation of the system and testing of all the components. The company ensured that all components operate perfectly together to meet the needs of passengers, airport personnel and increasing mobility – reducing baggage transportation times to under 15 minutes from one check-in area to another.
Rather than industry or transportation, buildings are collectively the biggest energy user, accounting for over 40% of the world’s energy consumption. Upgrading existing buildings with intelligent automation technology offers tremendous benefits for the environment and the balance sheet.
No effort against climate change can succeed without tackling the issue of energy consumption in buildings. As extremely valuable long-term assets, buildings are not easily replaced. This means our existing infrastructure must be upgraded with advanced, energy-efficient technology.
The technology offered by Siemens India provides comfort, security and maximum energy efficiency. In fact, 40% energy savings can be realized the through intelligent automation systems – such as the Desigo automation system, which efficiently monitors and controls heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and all other systems. In addition, integrated fire protection maximizes the security of people and property.
We all begin our lives in a perfect place: In our mother’s tummy. A place where it is never too cold, never too warm, never too loud; a place where we can always feel safe and secure. Why shouldn’t all our lives be lived in perfect places?
So improving buildings, working on perfect places, means working towards better lives. Our goal is: Creating perfect places for every stage of life.
At the Leela Hotel in New Delhi, Siemens’ technology provides for comfort, security and energy efficiency. The solutions include building automation, integrated fire protection, a voice evacuation system and video surveillance. The efficient monitoring and control of heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and other systems is performed by the Desigo building automation system. It monitors and controls cooling, fresh air supply and air quality in all rooms.
Security is ensured by the fire protection and alarm system, as well as the CCTV system with video surveillance of all entrances, stairways and elevators. The Leela Hotel is a prime example of green and smart buildings in India, contributing to sustainable urban development.
Coal is by far the most important energy source in India – accounting for around 70% of total power generation. To raise grid capacity and resilience, and reduce dependence on fossil fuels, innovative business models and technologies are needed in the transition to a sustainable energy landscape.
A reliable energy supply is vital for India’s economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. If the power goes down, the consequences are widespread and immediate. Power grids in many parts of the world are under growing pressure, but the situation looks particularly daunting in India. With an estimated 600 million new electricity consumers by 2040, India will contribute more than any other country to the rise in global demand for energy.
Given that most of the world’s CO2 emissions are produced in cities, India has recognised the urgent need for efficient green power. The government has been collaborating with the IEA to drive the integration of wind power, for example. With Smart Grid technology, highly efficient combined-cycle power plants and advanced wind turbines, Siemens is an end-to-end supplier all of the key components for a sustainable energy network.
In combined cycle power plants, the hot exhaust fumes from the gas turbines are not emitted into the air but fed into a special turbine to generate steam. The resulting increase in efficiency boosts energy savings. Combined cycle plants can contribute greatly to the urban power supply and energy infrastructure. With key components from Siemens, the Dhuvaran combined cycle power plant in Gujarat, in western India, supplies eco-friendly electricity to Vadodara, the state’s largest city and known for its industrial and academic culture.
Energy efficiency in power generation is one aspect of sustainable power. Equally important is the low-loss transmission of power from where it’s generated to where it is consumed – primarily in cities. High-voltage, direct current transmission (HVDC) is an efficient, reliable method that’s especially suitable for over the long distances typical of a large country like India.
HVDC is safe, requires little space and can lead to significant energy savings. Siemens installed an HVDC power transmission system to connect the city of Mundra, on India’s west coast, to the industrial regions of the state of Haryana, near New Delhi. The system spans about 960 kilometers and has a capacity of 2,500 megawatts. Two other HVDC system Siemens has installed in India connect Bangalore with Talcher (the world’s 2nd longest at 1,450 kilometers) and Ballia with Bhiwadi near New Delhi (780 kilometers).
Wind is the most important renewable source of power. Because they account for around 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions, cities urgently need an energy-efficient and green power supply.
In 2011 Siemens launched a new type of wind turbine for the Indian market. With its high energy efficiency this innovative, direct-drive wind turbine supports the sustainable development of India’s energy infrastructure.
Old power system replaced with innovative hardware and software solution built around the Spectrum Power 7 Control Center Platform
The new system features eight State Load Despatch Centers, one Regional Load Despatch Center, and three backup control centers
Reliable power dramatically improves living conditions, boosts literacy and education, and helps the economy create new and better jobs
India’s first fully privately financed metro system, connecting the Cyber City business district in Gurgaon to the Delhi Metro rail network
Metro passengers enjoy a comfortable ride with 99.8 percent punctuality while the train control system ensures 120 seconds peak time headway
Traffic congestion, air pollution and noise levels are reduced, in line with Siemens’ vision of transforming cities with sustainable technology
Continuously transmitted data, incl. door power and motor temperatures
Action patterns and recommendations for ÖBB Technical Services
Higher throughput with existing assets - without compromising safety
Intelligent traffic prioritization system
Buses on time, smoothly flowing traffic
Lower CO2 emissions
The Siemens Pooling Solution is an efficient, highly-automated tool
Software captures and aggregates partnered resources
These are packaged and placed in an online trading platform
Siemens automation and control systems achieve high efficiency
Upgrades extend the life of vital components
LEED Platinum certificate for green building design
Intelligent networking of power distribution, building automation and fire safety technology
Entire power connection system designed virtually
More than 40,000 sensors and data points gather information
Cutting edge traffic solution with great adaptability
Siemens green index traffic system
Public transportation smarter and easier to use
100% trouble free broadcast signal
Modular Desigo building platform
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