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所有渴望了解全球能源市场当前趋势的人都可以听一听 Amory B. Lovins 说了些什么，听听他给出了怎样的建议。四十多年来，Lovins 或许是全球能源效率和清洁能源解决方案领域里的权威人士之一，他在这方面已经获得了极高的声誉。
“石油企业就像供电企业一样，要想在变化了的市场上赢得竞争，就必须想出与众不同的方法，来充分发挥企业资产和各项企业能力的作用，另外，有一件事的难度更大，这就是充分发挥企业文化价值观的作用，”Amory B. Lovins 最近在接受采访时这样说到。采访的地点就是他的靠近斯诺马斯的绿色山间小屋展示室。“这样的市场变化以企业无法想象的速度迅速地来临，远远超出了企业文化理念转变的速度。企业发现自身很难应对这样迅速的变化”，他补充到。
丹麦 DTU 科技大学电力能源中心负责人 Jacob Østergaard 教授谈 IT 发展主要趋势和对市场参与者有哪些影响。
The cleanest energy is the energy that isn’t needed. There is a huge potential for energy conservation, especially in buildings, industry and transportation. Saving energy and using energy more efficiently are the two main factors involved in creating a sustainable energy supply for the future. This can be achieved by controlling energy consumption and integrating energy-saving products and solutions in buildings, industry and transportation.
Electric engines account for nearly two-thirds of the electric energy used in industry, for example for conveyor technology or pumps. With optimized solutions, the energy consumption of industrial drives can be lowered by up to 30 percent. Worldwide, about 40 percent of energy is consumed by buildings. Here too a lot can be achieved: through heat insulation and pumps, smart building technology, or efficient lighting.
Today’s energy mix leads to fast-changing imbalances between generation and load, impacting grid stability and power quality. Battery storage can act as an energy consumer as well as producer. This combination helps to improve grid stability and enable greater integration of renewable energy sources. Thus the grid can utilize more available energy.
Alternative you can feed surplus power into an electrolyzer, which uses electricity to decompose water into hydrogen, and oxygen and generates heat. The obtained hydrogen can be stored and used to fuel a gas turbine and in several industrial processes.Since the supply of power from wind is
Wind, photovoltaik, small hydropower plants and biomass greatly contribute to meeting power demand and environmental awareness. Especially offshore wind power plants with an installed generating capacity in the triple-digit megawatt range are already in operation and deliver great amounts of electricity with a high degree of continuity. But a growing number of onshore wind farms are being sited in regions with moderate to low wind speeds. Therefore we offer a new generation of wind turbines, which extract the maximum energy yield from low to moderate wind velocities.
Also solar energy has a great potential and is an inexhaustible energy source. As a long-term, reliable source of energy, the sun provides a huge annual amount of energy. Thanks to the technological advance of recent years and the development of the photovoltaics market, PV systems are now ready for large-scale production of electricity. And if we would like to turn water into energy small hydropower plants have proven to be a sustainable source of energy as well.
If clouds block the sun or the wind dies, power fluctuations must be balanced out quickly. Gas-fired power plants that can be started up quickly are ideal for this. Combined with a steam turbine, the world´s most efficient combined heat and power plant (CHP) from Siemens can convert approx. 61,5 percent of the energy from natural gas into electricity. Thanks to its CHP concept the overall fuel efficiency increases to 85 percent.
World records at the
Lausward Unit “Fortuna”,
When cities and buildings look for technologies to reduce their energy consumption, smart financing solutions are often needed to overcome the shortage of funds. When engineering and financing solutions come together, buildings can unlock huge energy saving potential – in consumption and in cost. A good example of this is Siemens' energy performance contracting for building technologies – a combination of consulting, modernization services and customized financing. With this, customers do not need to make any initial investment; they simply use the energy cost savings to pay the installments.
Worldwide, Siemens has modernized more than 5,200 buildings this way, with more than €1 billion in savings and more than ten millions tons of CO2 reductions.
Energy performance contracting:
a self-financing cycle
In the future, not only large plants but also millions of small and medium-sized power producers will feed electricity into the grid. More and more former consumers of energy are becoming producers as well. This fact, and the fluctuating feed-ins of renewable energy, make intelligent power grids necessary for power distribution. With “Smart Grids” like these, Siemens helps to achieve the right balance between electricity production and demand - throughout the world, and here in Germany.
5 times as much power
produced as consumed
The village of
5 times more power from
renewable sources than it
Natural gas accounts for around 25% of the global energy demand. The proven reserves climb new highs, based on deep sea exploration and unconventional resources. As the cleanest fossil energy resource natural gas will continue to increase its share of the global energy mix, growing at 1.8% per year until 2035. Gas trade is primarily carried out as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and by pipelines. Mission critical technology from Siemens makes the total process from production of gas via transportation to electrical power more safe and efficient.
of natural gas globally
Should primarily be used where they occur in abundance: solar energy in sun-drenched areas and wind energy on the high seas. Therefore, long-distance networks must be further expanded, beyond national boundaries, using classic overhead lines, cables or gas-insulated lines. Besides classical high-voltage AC connections, high-efficiency power superhighways with high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) technology can be used for very long distances.
For example, in a HVDC Technology project in China, Siemens has shown that around 95 percent of the electricity makes it to the consumers, even over a distance of 1,400 kilometers and at a transmission capacity of 5,000 megawatts.
The requirements on power distribution and therefore on medium- and low-voltage grids are increasing continuously. Changing directions of power flow, load and voltage fluctuations, which are caused especially by the strongly growing number of power supplies from volatile power sources, e.g. photovoltaic/biogas plants and wind farms, make the distribution grids of today go to their capacity limits. The solution is an active distribution grid with intelligent transformer substations as key components. These contribute to an active load management in the distribution grid and enable an automatic and fast fault clearance in case of disturbances.
Self-healing grid for Rotterdam harbor district Stedin, Netherlands
System restart in less
than a minute
Information technology is what we need to get the meter data and the consumption data into the system so that we can measure consumption and draw the necessary conclusions. Automation technology makes the meter data available for outage management and outage measurement in the grids. So this is where operations technology and information technology become one. The collected data is stored and analyzed, in the interests of stable and efficient power supply.
The enabling factor for all of Siemens’ cross-sectoral solutions is a smart grid that allows an intelligent energy management.
Oil consumption is expected to grow and crude oil remains the dominant primary energy source for the next 20 years. Especially transport fuel is dominated by oil, its low relevance in electrical power generation will further decrease. Oil reserves are enough not at least thanks to exploration and production in deep sea regions and opening production from unconventional resources like oil sands. Furthermore, enhanced oil recovery technologies for mature fields enable to get more out of a field. Siemens innovative technology makes production, transportation and processing more efficient and environmentally compatible.
Fossil fuels will continue to account for a large share of the future energy mix
Combined Cycle Power Plants
Gas-fired power plants provide reliable, efficient and clean energy
Steam Power Plants
State of the art steam power plants will remain the backbone of many energy systems
The importance of nuclear power will remain high on a global scale
On its way to a profitable future
Large hydropower plants are the only renewable power plants that can steadily deliver large quantities of electricity
Solar power converts the sun’s energy into electricity
The use of biomass as a fuel is CO2-neutral
Turning electricity into a synthetical gas
Quick power for peak load periods.
Pumped Storage Power Plants
Strengthening the power highways of the energy system
Delivering energy reliably where it is needed – a consistent portfolio for medium- and low-voltage applications
Digitalization drives change in energy systems
Commerce and Production
Industrial consumers are becoming prosumers interested in energy efficiency potentials
Reliable energy and efficiency know-how for industrial applications
Smarter use of electricity
为 40 万个家庭供电
二氧化碳排放量减少 250 万吨
为 60 万居民提高能源
城市地区的噪音减少 25 分贝